Alain Daniélou ( 1907 – 1994 ) was born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France and his Swiss partner
Raymond Burnier ( 1912 – 1968 ) lived in India for more than 20 years, from the middle 1930s to the late 1950s, mainly in Banaras.
In 1932 they travelled by car from Europe to Afghanistan and onwards to India.
In Shantiniketan they were received by Rabindranath Tagore and became close friends.
In 1939 coming to Banaras they rented a place at Assi Ghat, Rewa Kothi and became residents.
Daniélou started to study Sanskrit, Hindi, religion and philosophy in the original with Indian pundits. For six years, he concentrated on reading exclusively indigenous sources. He learned to play the rudra veena under Sivendranath Basu and studied and later translated Sanskrit texts on the theory of music.
Daniélou and Burnier travelled widely in India to photograph.
From 1949 to 1954 Daniélou was the vice principal of the college of Music and Fine Arts at Banaras Hindu University. Here he established the first institute of musicology in India together with Om Karnath Thakur. In 1960 he returned to Europe where as Burnier had returned in 1958.
If you are not a member of artforum.com you must register.